City of Greater Geelong


Some Interesting Facts about the City By The Bay

Find out more below about the history of Geelong and what it has to offer.

GEELONG – Interesting Facts and Short History

Geelong is Victoria’s second largest city and according to the 2016 census has a population of approximately 191,000 people. This is a 2% increase from 2015.

The city of Geelong is located on Corio Bay and also has the Barwon River which runs along the southern border of the city.

Distance From Geelong to Melbourne

Geelong is also 75kms south west from Melbourne and is connected via the Princess Hwy which has seen significant upgrades over the previous years in an attempt to cope with the increased tarffic and population.

The Greater Geelong area extends from the out skirts of Lara to the Waurn Ponds hills, to Mt Duneed. The City of Greater Geelong Council presides over this region which includes urban, rural and coastal areas.

The Name “Geelong” was derived from “Djillong”

The name “Geelong” was derived from the aboriginal name for the region, “Djillong” back in 1827. Djillong is thought to mean land or cliffs. The Wathaurong Aboriginal Indigenous Tribe covered what is now known as the Greater Geelong area and extended further than the current boundries.

Geelong was officially proclaimed a city in 1910. Predominately, industrial style businesses came to Geelong like Ford, International Harvester, Alcoa and the Shell Oil Refinery. These large multi national companies were responsible for most of the employment in the Greater Geelong area both directly and indirectly. Due to these large industrial businesses the cities population expanded to over 100,000 by the 1960’s.

However, because cheaper employment was able to be sourced by these large companies else where, the Ford plant located in Norlane and the Alcoa smelter, located at Pt. Henry were both closed causing large scale retrenchments. Also a number of smaller Geelong businesses who had contracts with these large companies also were forced to down scale and in some instances, shut up shop.

Employment In Geelong

In recent times though, Geelong’s employment has transitioned from the industrial age to other more modern types of employment. The emerging Health care sector is well established in Geelong with the multi million dollar Epworth Hospital which is located in Waurn Ponds, Barwon Health and also the multi million dollar upgrade to the Geelong Hospital. Other more notible public service sector businesses which now call Geelong home include the TAC – Traffic Accident Commission, and the multi storey Workcover building, which at the time of writing is nearing completion. Deakin University is also another large employer of Geelong residents.

Although it has been a difficult transition with the closure of Ford and Alcoa, the city is quickly positioning itself as a leader in other high growth sectors and is one of the leading non Australian capital cities.

Geelong is also perfectly postioned between Corio Bay and also some of Australia’s most picturesque coast line including The Surfcoast and Bellarine Peninsula.

Only a 30 minute drive south of Geelong and you will find yourself traveling along The Great Ocean Road. This roar and virtually un touched coast line offers up some of the worlds most picturesque coast line imaginable.

For more on the Great Ocean Road please click here.

Geelong is Victoria’s second largest city and is commonly referred to as “Sleepy Hollow” however once you visit the Greater Geelong area and what it has to offer you will soon see it is far from it.

List of Suburbs Surrounding Geelong CBD

NewtownWest GeelongNorth GeelongEast GeelongSouth Geelong


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